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Dr. Bryan M. Saltzmale, MD

We often hear around the prestige of cartilage to protect our joint health and wellness. But what specifically is cartilage, and also how does it store our joints healthy?

Dr. Bryan Saltzman, MD, breaks dvery own the basics is component among Cartilage 101. Dr. Saltzman specializes in cartilage restoration, adolescent and adults sporting activities medicine, shoulder & elbow and also knee.

You are watching: Articular cartilage found at the ends of the long bones

What is cartilage?

Cartilage is the main kind of connective tworry viewed throughout the body. Itserves a range of structural and functional objectives andexists in different types throughout our joints, bones, spine, lungs, ears and nose.

What is cartilage made of?

Cartilage a solid and smooth substance made up of “chondrocytes,” or specialized cartilage cells, that produce a matrix of collagen, proteoglycans (a one-of-a-kind form of protein) and other non-collagenous proteins. These products help cartilage entice water and offer it its shape and particular properties.

What are the various forms of cartilage?

Tbelow are three major types of cartilage: elastic cartilage, fibrocartilage and also hyaline cartilage. These forms differ in their make-up of the substances detailed above.

Elastic Cartilage

Elastic cartilage is existing in the ear, nose and also components of the lungs. It is a highly versatile formulation of cartilage.

Fibrocartilage

Fibrocartilage is found in the menisci of the knee and the discs of the spine. It is far much less functional than elastic cartilage.

Hyaline Cartilage

Hyaline cartilage is found at the ends of bones – lining the joints of the body – and also the septum of the nose and also component of the breapoint tube.

Why carry out we require JOINT cartilage?

Hyaline, or articular, cartilage covers the ends of bones to produce a low-friction atmosphere and also cushion at the joint surconfront. When cartilage in the joint is healthy and balanced, it efficiently enables fluid bending/straightening activities and also protects the joint versus weight-bearing stresses.

What happens when joint cartilage is damaged or unhealthy?

If the cartilage begins to degeneprice through age, or if it were to end up being damaged from an injury, the joint loses some of that protective cushion and also exposes underlying bone ends. This damage can cause excess anxiety of those areas of bone that are ill-equipped to take care of solid forces.

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Dr. Bryan M. Saltzman, MD, is fellowship-trained in Shoulder & Elbow and also Sports Medicine. He methods at occupychristmas.org"s Cartilage Restoration Institute, Sports Medicine Center and also University office,specializing in cartilage restoration as well as adolescent and adult sports medication, shoulder & elbow andknee.