Other Name(s):Alcanfor, Camphora, Camphre, Camphre de Laurier, Camphre Gomme, Camphrier, Cemphire, dl-Camphor, dl-Camphre, Formosa Camphor, Gum Camphor, Kampfer, Karpoora, Karpuram, Laurel Camphor, Spirit of Camphor, 2-Bornanone, 2-Camphanone, 1,7,7-Trimethylbicyclo<2.2.1>heptan-2-one.

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Camphor used to be made by distilling the bark and lumber of the camphor tree. Today, camphor is usually manufactured from turpentine oil. It is provided in assets such as Vicks VapoRub.

Camphor products have the right to be rubbed on the skin (topical application) or inhaled. Be sure to read the label to find out exactly how the product have to be administered.

People use camphor to the skin to relieve pain and also minimize itching. It has likewise been used to treat toenail fungus, warts, insect bites, cold sores, hemorrhoids, and also osteoarthritis.

Camphor is applied to the skin to increase local blood circulation and as a "counterirritant," which reduces pain and swelling by causing irritation. Some people use camphor to the skin to treat illness of the airmeans and also to treat heart symptoms. Camphor is additionally used as an eardrop and for dealing with minor burns.

It is necessary not to apply camphor to broken skin, bereason it have the right to enter the body quickly and reach concentrations that are high sufficient to reason poisoning.

Some human being inhale camphor to alleviate the urge to cough.

Although it is an UNSAFE practice, some world take camphor by mouth to help them cough up phlegm, for treating infections of the airway, for treating low blood press that occurs when standing up, and for intestinal gas (flatulence). Experts warn against doing this because, when ingested, camphor deserve to cause significant side effects, even fatality.

Camphor is a well-establimelted people remedy, and also is typically offered. Camphorated oil (20% camphor in cottonseed oil) was rerelocated from the U.S. market in the 1980s bereason of security pertains to connected via accidental intake by mouth. It continues to be easily accessible without a prescription in Canada.

How does it work?

Camphor seems to stimulate nerve endings that relieve symptoms such as pain and also itching as soon as applied to the skin. Camphor is also energetic against fungi that reason infections in the toenails. In the nose, camphor appears to produce a cold sensation so that breathing feels much easier.

SLIDESHOW Cold and Flu: Finding Relief for Your Cough See Slidedisplay
Likely Effective for...

Cough. Camphor is FDA-approved as a chest rub in concentrations much less than 11%.Skin itching or irritation. Camphor is FDA-apshowed for use on the skin to aid itching or irritation in concentrations of 3% to 11%.

Possibly Effective for...

Inenough Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

Other conditions.More evidence is essential to rate the performance of camphor for these supplies.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates performance based upon scientific proof according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Inreliable, Likely Inreliable, and Inenough Evidence to Rate (in-depth description of each of the ratings).

Camphor is LIKELY SAFE for many adults when used to the skin in a cream or lotion in low concentrations. Camphor deserve to reason some minor side impacts such as skin redness and irritation. Do not use undiluted camphor commodities or assets containing more than 11% camphor. These have the right to be irritating and also unsafe. Camphor is additionally LIKELY SAFE for the majority of adults when inhaled as vapor in small quantities as a component of aromatherapy. Don't use even more than 1 tablespoon camphor solution per quart of water.

Do not heat camphor-containing commodities (Vicks VapoRub, BenGay, Heet, many kind of others) in the microwave. The product can explode and also cause serious burns.

Camphor-containing products are LIKELY UNSAFE as soon as applied to damaged or injured skin. Camphor is easily soaked up through damaged skin and also can reach toxic levels in the body.

Camphor is UNSAFE once taken by mouth by adults. Ingesting camphor deserve to reason serious side impacts, including fatality. The first symptoms of camphor toxicity happen quickly (within 5 to 90 minutes), and deserve to encompass burning of the mouth and throat, nausea, and also vomiting. Other symptoms influence the nervous system, such as seizures, confusion, and muscular contractions, and results on vision.

QUESTION Which condition is known as a viral top respiratory tract infection? See Answer
Pregnancy and also breast-feeding: Taking camphor by mouth is UNSAFE throughout pregnancy or breast-feeding. The safety of using camphor to the skin throughout pregnancy or breast-feeding is unknown. Don't threat your health or your baby's wellness. Avoid using camphor in the time of pregnancy.

Children: Camphor is POSSIBLY UNSAFE in youngsters when applied to the skin. Children tend to be more sensitive to the side results. Doctors recommend that camphor assets are not supplied on the skin in children. Camphor is UNSAFE in youngsters as soon as taken by mouth. Seizures and also death deserve to happen if these products are consumed. To be on the safe side, save camphor-containing assets ameans from children.

Liver disease: Taking camphor by mouth or using it to the skin have been attached to potential liver damage. In theory, making use of camphor can make liver condition worse.

Medications that can injury the liver (Hepatotoxic drugs)Interactivity Rating: Moderate Be cautious via this combicountry.Talk through your health provider.

Using camphor could injury the liver. Applying camphor to the skin while taking drugs that could also damage the liver ca boost the risk of liver damage. Do not usage camphor if you are taking a medication that deserve to harm the liver.

Some medicines that can damage the liver include acarbose (Precose, Prandase), amiodarone (Cordarone), atorvastatin (Lipitor), azathioprine (Imuran), carbamazepine (Tegretol), cerivastatin (Baycol), diclofenac (Voltaren), felbamate (Felbatol), fenofibrate (Tricor), fluvastatin (Lescol), gemfibrozil (Lopid), isoniazid, itraconazole, (Sporanox), ketoconazole (Nizoral), leflunomide (Arava), lovastatin (Mevacor), methotrexate (Rheumatrex), nevirapine (Viramune), niacin, nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin), pioglitazone (Actos), pravastatin (Pravachol), pyrazinamide, rifampin (Rifadin), ritonavir (Norvir), rosiglitazone (Avandia), simvastatin (Zocor), tacrine (Cognex), tamoxifen, terbinafine (Lamisil), valproic acid, and zileuton (Zyflo).

The complying with doses have been studied in scientific research:

APPLIED TO THE SKIN: For cough: A thick layer of 4.7% to 5.3% camphor ointment is used to the throat and also chest. The location might be spanned via a warmth, dry fabric or left unextended.For skin itching: A 3% to 11% ointment is commonly used 3 to four times daily.For pain: A 3% to 11% ointment is frequently provided three to 4 times day-to-day.For osteoarthritis: A topical cream containing camphor (32 mg/gram), glucosamine sulfate (30 mg/gram), and also chondroitin sulfate (50 mg/gram) as required on sore joints for up to 8 weeks.


Report Problems to the Food and also Drug Administration

You are motivated to report negative side results of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch webwebsite or contact 1-800-FDA-1088.

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