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You are watching: Innovation lagged in the centrally planned economies because:
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Two major virtues of the sector system are that it: The sector system\"s answer come the basic question \"How will certainly the device accommodate change?\" is essentially: What go the competitive market system do? The coordination difficulty in the centrally planned economies refers to the idea that: The many efficient combination of sources in producing any kind of output is the combination that: A. Come closest to making use of the same quantities of land, labor, capital, and also entrepreneurial ability.B. Have the right to be derived for the the smallest money outlay.C. Uses the smallest complete quantity of every resources.D. Conserves most on the usage of labor. The sector system\"s answer to the fundamental question \"How will the mechanism promote progress?\" is essentially: 3. I m sorry of the following is a distinguishing feature of a market system? A. Public property of all capital.B. Main planning.C. Wide-spread exclusive ownership of capital.D. A circular circulation of goods, resources, and money. The fail of Soviet main planning was reflected in: A. A declining growth rate.B. Negative quality goods.C. The failure to provide promised consumer goods.D. Every one of these. Which of the following is not among the five basic questions? A. What prices will be charged for goods and services?B. Who will obtain the goods and services?C. What goods and services will certainly be produced?D. Just how will the system promote progress? economic systems differ according to what two main characteristics? i beg your pardon of the following ideal describes the invisible-hand concept? A. The desires of resource suppliers and producers to further their own self-interest will automatically further the general public interest.B. The nonsubstitutability of resources creates a conflict in between private and public interests and also calls for government intervention.C. The industry system is the finest system for overcoming the scarce resources-unlimited desires problem.D. Central direction by the federal government will improve resource allocation in a capitalistic economy. Which of the adhering to is a limitation that the an easy circular flow model? The invisible hand describes the: The quest of self-interest: A. Is highly detrimental come the market system.B. Method the same as \"selfishness.\"C. Is reflected in the habits of firms, yet not in the behavior of consumers.D. Provides direction to the market system. If consumer desire for product X increases, all of the following will occur except: A. Boost in the earnings of market X.B. An increase in the amount of resources employed by industry X.C. Rise in the calculation of industry X.D. A diminish in the amount of resources employed in sector X. What walk the department of labor mean? (Consider This) In 1996 McDonald\"s introduced its Arch luxurious hamburger, i m sorry failed to record on through the public and also was ultimately dropped from the menu. This fail illustrates the idea of: A. Customer sovereignty.B. Technical change.C. Downsloping demand.D. Specialization. What walk the hatchet laissez-faire suggest? What economic climates does financial scarcity apply to? 4. Examples of command economies are: A. The united States and also Japan.B. Sweden and Norway.C. Mexico and also Brazil.D. Cuba and also North Korea. Households and also businesses are: rise in consumer desire because that strawberries is most likely to: A. Boost the variety of strawberry pickers needed by farmers.B. Minimize the supply of strawberries.C. Alleviate the variety of people willing to pick strawberries.D. Reduce the need for strawberry pickers. 81. Describe the over diagram. Arrows (1) and also (3) are linked with: A. The money market.B. The source market.C. The product market.D. Worldwide trade. Customer sovereignty refers to the idea that: The straightforward circular flow model reflects that: In a competitive market economy, that company will choose the least-cost production an approach because: indigenous society\"s allude of view the economic role of profits and losses is to: A fundamental difference between the command system and also the sector system is that, in command systems: (Consider This) In 1975 McDonald\"s introduced its Egg McMuffin breakfast sandwich, which remains well-known and financially rewarding today. This longevity illustrates the idea of: A. Opportunity cost.B. Upsloping supply.C. Customer sovereignty.D. Specialization. The invisible-hand concept suggests that: i beg your pardon of the adhering to is a basic characteristic the the sector system? What go competition mean? The two basic markets presented by the simple circular flow model are: Suppose industry A is realizing an extensive economic profit. Which of the following finest describes what will take place in this vain market? A. Firms will certainly leave the industry and output will fall.B. That company will go into the industry and also output will fall.C. Firms will certainly leave the industry and also output will certainly rise.D. Firms will enter the industry and output will certainly rise. Enterprise managers and workers in the Soviet Union frequently resisted developments in production techniques because: broadly defined, what walk competition involve? If commodities were in short or surplus supply in the Soviet Union: development lagged in the centrally planned economic situations because: What room the 2 general varieties of economic systems that exist today? In the resource market: answer the next question(s) ~ above the communication of the following information: expect 30 systems of product A can be developed by employing simply labor and capital in the four ways presented below. I think the price of labor and capital space $2 and $3 respectively.42. Describe the over information. Which method is economically most reliable in producing A? A. IB. IIC. IIID. IV \"Because the outputs of plenty of industries are the entry to other industries, the failure of any single industry to fulfill the output quantities specified in the main plan led to a chain-reaction that adverse consequences on production.\" This quotation best identifies the: Why is field of expertise in production generally important? financial profits and losses: In a market economic climate a far-reaching change in consumers\" desire because that product X will: A. Alter the earnings or losses got by details firms.B. Cause a reallocation of scarce resources.C. Cause some sectors to expand and also others to contract.D. Do every one of these. The invisible hand disclosure society\"s interests because: which of the following finest illustrates the circular flow model in action? A. Bobbie goes come work and builds cars, and also uses the revenue she receives come buy food in ~ the grocery store store.B. Evan buys a new couch; the owner the the furniture store uses some of the money native the sale to pay she supplier, and also uses the rest to take her household out to dinner.C. Boeing experience a surging in orders for new airplanes, prompting the firm to hire more workers.D. Every one of the above. If a competitive sector is neither broadening nor contracting, we would expect: If competitive market Z is making an extensive economic profit, output will: 39. Refer to the over data. In watch of the indicated resource prices, the financially most reliable production technique(s) is (are) technique(s): A. #1.B. #2 and also #4.C. #3.D. #1 and also #3. Barter What is the regulatory device of the market system? describe the above data. If a new production technique is developed that allows a for sure to create 20 devices of output v 3 units of land, 3 of labor, 1 the capital, and also 2 of business man ability, this technique would: A. No be embraced because, although the reduces production costs, the does not boost profit.B. Be adopted because it would lower production costs and also increase economic profit.C. No be embraced because that entails greater production costs than other accessible techniques.D. Be adopted, even though economic profits would be lessened slightly. 79. Describe the over diagram. Arrows (1) and also (2) represent: A. Goods and also resources respectively.B. Money incomes and also output respectively.C. Output and also money income respectively.D. Resources and also goods respectively. In the circular circulation model: The advent of DVDs has virtually demolished the market for videocassettes. This is an example of: which of the complying with is not an economic cost? A. Wages.B. Rents.C. Economic profits.D. Payment made come the businessman for organizing production. I m sorry of the complying with is among the Five an essential Questions? A. Which products will be in scarce supply and also which in excess supply?B. Who must appoint the head of the central bank?C. Exactly how much should the culture save?D. What goods and services will certainly be produced? 2. I m sorry of the following is a separating feature that a command system? A. Exclusive ownership of every capital.B. Central planning.C. Hefty reliance ~ above markets.D. Wide-spread dispersion of economic power answer the next question(s) top top the basis of the complying with information: intend 30 devices of product A deserve to be produced by employing simply labor and also capital in the 4 ways shown below. Assume the price of labor and capital space $2 and $3 respectively.43. Refer to the over information. If the price that product A is $0.50, the firm will realize: A. An financial profit of $4.B. An financial profit the $2.C. An financial profit of $6.D. A loss of $3. In the straightforward circular circulation model: Command equipment are likewise known as what? \"Consumer sovereignty\" method that: The sector system\"s answer come the fundamental question \"What will be produced?\" is essentially: Shortages and unmet demand administer opportunities because that individuals and also firms to profit under capitalism, however they existing no such avenues under central planning. This fact represents central planning\"s: The sector system\"s answer come the basic question \"How will the goods and services be produced?\" is essentially: field of expertise in production is economically advantageous primarily because it: The usage of money contributes to economic efficiency because: If competitive sector Y is incurring comprehensive losses, calculation will: follow to the ide of the \"invisible hand,\" if Susie opens and operates a lucrative childcare center, then: A. Federal government should regulate the organization to certain quality.B. The profit Susie earns indicates that she is overcharging for her services.C. She has served society\"s interests by offering a desired an excellent or service.D. This demonstrates that customer sovereignty is not current in this market. The visibility of sector failures implies that: What is an financial system? 40. Describe the above data. Assuming that the for sure is motivated by self-interest and that the 20 systems which deserve to be developed with each method can be sold for $2 every unit, the certain will: A. Establish an financial profit the $10.B. Establish an financial profit the $4.C. Not earn any economic profit.D. Close down quite than incur a ns by producing. Specialization-the department of labor-enhances productivity and efficiency by: A. Enabling workers to take advantage of existing distinctions in your abilities and also skills.B. Preventing the time loss affiliated in moving from one manufacturing task come another.C. Permitting workers to develop an abilities by functioning on one, or a minimal number, that tasks.D. Every one of the way identified in the various other answers. 80. Describe the over diagram. Arrows (3) and (4) represent: A. Goods and also services respectively.B. Incomes and consumer expenditures respectively.C. Resources and goods respectively.D. Customer expenditures and also income respectively. In terms of the circular flow diagram, households make expenditure in the _____ market and receive revenue through the _____ market. A. Product; financialB. Resource; productC. Product; resourceD. Capital; product (Last Word) according to economist Donald Boudreaux, the world\"s 10s of billions of individual resources gain arranged productively: A. Due to the fact that government has come to be highly effective at central planning.B. Since private residential or commercial property encourages human being to consider the alternate uses of your resources and select those that administer the many rewards.C. Because people often tend to be an imaginative and orderly.D. Through random trial and also error. Economic profits in one industry suggest the industry: The dissension votes of consumers ultimately determine the ingredient of output and the allocation of sources in a sector economy. This statement finest describes the principle of: The sector system\"s answer to the basic question \"Who will obtain the goods and services?\" is essentially: The economic duty of profits and also losses is to:a B. Because private building encourages human being to take into consideration the alternative uses of your resources and select those that carry out the most rewards.b families sell sources to firms.c businesses room sellers of last products.d there room independently-acting buyers and also sellers in each market.e patent the production of a larger output v fixed amounts of resources.f families are top top the selling side that the source market and on the buying side of the product market.g D. Do every one of these.h manufacturing targets were regularly increased when development occurred.i C. Product; resourcej the determination of product and resource prices is not explained.k A. What prices will be charged because that goods and services?l who owns the factors of production, and also the techniques used to coordinate economic activity.m notion that, under competition, decisions encouraged by self-interest encourage the social interest.n motivates innovation since successful innovators are rewarded with financial profits.o it promotes specialization by overcoming the problems with barter.p family members sell resources to businessesq consumer sovereignty.r allocates resources effectively and permits economic freedom.s C. Wide-spread private ownership of capital.t D. Cuba and also North Korea.u B. Deserve to be obtained for the the smallest money outlay.v must be larger to far better satisfy consumers\" desire because that the product.w because it outcomes in greater total output.x are crucial to the reallocation of sources from less wanted goods to much more desired goods.y an imaginative destruction.z B. Incomes and also consumer expenditure respectively.aa product and also resource.ab D. A decrease in the quantity of resources employed in market X.ac planners had to direct required entry to every enterprise.ad C. Customer sovereignty.ae residential or commercial property rights.af D. Resources and goods respectively.ag the idea the the decisions of producer must ultimately conform to customer demands.ah D. Firms will get in the industry and output will certainly rise.ai sellers in the resource and product markets respectively.aj \"Using the least-cost manufacturing techniques.\"ak market systems and command systems.al a particular set of institutional arrangements and a coordinating device used to respond to the economizing problem.am the department of output is decided by main planning quite than by people operating easily through markets.an C. Economic profits.ao A. The desire of source suppliers and producers to further their very own self-interest will immediately further the public interest.ap D. All of the way identified in the other answers.aq entails the exchange of goods for goods.ar contract as resources move away from market Y.as individuals pursuing their self-interest will try to develop goods and also services that world in culture want and also are ready to purchase.at B. #2 and also #4.au B. An financial profit of $2.av B. Main planning.aw \"Through the guiding duty of prices and also the incentive duty of profits.\"ax reallocate resources from less wanted to more desired uses.ay producers would certainly not react because no price or benefit signals occurred.az applies to every economies.ba \"Goods and also services that space profitable.\"bb B. The source market.bc economic profits to be zero.bd buyers determine what will certainly be produced based upon their \"dollar votes\" for the goods and also services available by sellers.be coordination trouble under central planning.bf employees specialize in assorted production tasks.bg A. Establish an financial profit of $10.bh increase in market Z, as more resources will move to the industry.bi D. Provides direction come the market system.bj over there is an active role for government, even in a industry system.bk government should not interfere with the procedure of the economy.bl competitionbm enterprise resisted innovation in are afraid that their manufacturing targets would be raised.bn separately acting buyers and also sellers and also freedom to get in or leave markets.bo B. Be adopted because it would lower production costs and also increase economic profit.bp signal the resources need to be reallocated.bq \"Those willing and able come pay for them.\"br C. She has actually served society\"s understanding by providing a desired great or service.bs communism.bt presume competition, private and public interests will certainly coincide.bu D. IVbv \"Through the benefit potential that encourages advancement of new technology.\"bw inspiration problem.bx D. All of the above.by A. Consumer sovereignty.bz D. What goods and also services will be produced?ca D. Every one of these.cb A. Boost the variety of strawberry pickers necessary by farmers.cc to perform so will maximize the firms\" profits.