What is the electronic geomeattempt of H2O? Go into the electronic geometry of the molecule. What is the electronic of ClF3 ? Go into the digital geometry of the molecule. What is the electronic geomeattempt of BBr3 ? Enter the electronic geomeattempt of the molecule.

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Valence Covering Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) Theory

oIn Valance Covering Electron Pair Repulsion (VSPER) concept, the electrons that surround the central atom of molecule are arranged in such a means that they minimize the electron-electron repulsions.

oThis plan of electrons have the right to be used to predict the geometrical shape of polyatomic molecules by calculating the bond pair and lone pair of electrons bordering the central atom/ions.


The molecular form of miscellaneous molecules having actually particular variety of lone pair of electrons and also bonding pair of electrons are offered below:

Number of bonding teams on main atom

Number of lone pairs on main atom

Molecular notation

Electron-pair geometry

Molecular geometry

2

0

*

linear

Linear

3

0

*

trigonal planar

trigonal planar

2

1

*

trigonal planar

bent

4

0

*

tetrahedral

tetrahedral

5

0

*

trigonal bipyramidal

trigonal bipyramidal

3

2

*

trigonal bipyramidal

T-shape

4

1

*

trigonal bipyramidal

seesaw

4

2

*

octahedral

square planar

The geometrical shape of molecules which can be figured out by calculating the variety of bond pair and also lone pair of electrons and procedures involved in the calculation is offered below:

Step.1: Write the electron dot formula from the given molecular formula.

Step.2: Determine the full variety of bonding pair electrons and lone pair of electrons that existing approximately the central atom.

Step.3: Determine the plan of these electron pairs roughly the main atom to uncover the electron geomeattempt.


(b)

The electron dot structure of

*
is offered below:

*

The total number of bond pair of electrons = 2.

The full number of lone pair of electrons = 2.

Therefore, the electron geometry of molecule is “tetrahedral.”

(c)

The electron dot structure of

*
is offered below:

*

The complete variety of bond pair of electrons = 3.

The full number of lone pair of electrons = 2.

Therefore, the electron geomeattempt of molecule is “trigonal bipyramidal.”

(d)

The electron dot framework of

*
is provided below:

*

The full number of bond pair of electrons = 3.

The full variety of lone pair of electrons = 0.

Thus, the electron geomeattempt of molecule is “trigonal planar.”

Ans: Part b

The electron geomeattempt of

*
is given below:

*

Part c

The electron geometry of

*
is given below:
*

Part d

The electron geometry of

*
is offered below:
*


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