Understand the problem.

You are watching: Which of the following statements about irregular verbs is correct?

All verbs, whether continuous or irregular, have five forms (often referred to as principal parts). These develops are the infinitive, straightforward present, an easy past, previous participle, and also present participle.

The difference between regular and also irregular verb is the formation of the straightforward past and past participle.

Regular verbs room dependably consistent—the straightforward past ends ined as does the past participle.

Review this chart:

InfinitiveSimplePresentSimplePastPastParticiplePresentParticiple
to laughlaugh(s)laughedlaughedlaughing
to startstart(s)startedstartedstarting
to washwash(es)washedwashedwashing
to winkwink(s)winkedwinkedwinking

In contrast, the an easy past and past jet of irregular verbs can finish in a selection of ways, with no continuous pattern.

Here are examples:

InfinitiveSimplePresentSimplePastPastParticiplePresentParticiple
to drivedrive(s)drovedrivendriving
to feelfeel(s)feltfeltfeeling
to putput(s)putputputting
to swimswim(s)swamswumswimming

With rarely often, rarely verbs, authors make two regular errors. They one of two people 1) add an untrue ed to the end of the previous tense or past participle or 2) confuse one type with the other.

Read this sentence:

Olivia feeled like exercising yesterday, so she putted on her bathing suit and drived come the city pool, whereby she swum so much that just an extra-large pepperoni pizza would accomplish her hunger.

What are the difficulties with this sentence? First,feeled should befelt. Next, putted requirements no ed. The correct past tense ofdrive is drove. And also we must readjust swum toswam.

Know the solution.

To prevent making mistakes with irregular verbs, discover the really long chart below. (Or bookmark this web page in your web browser for future reference!)

Comprehensive perform of rarely often, rarely VerbsInfinitiveSimplePresentSimplePastPastParticiplePresentParticiple
to arisearise(s)arosearisenarising
to awakeawake(s)awoke or awakedawaked or awokenawaking
to beam, is, arewas, werebeenbeing
to bearbear(s)boreborne or bornbearing
to beatbeat(s)beatbeatenbeating
to becomebecome(s)becamebecomebecoming
to beginbegin(s)beganbegunbeginning
to bendbend(s)bentbentbending
to betbet(s)betbetbetting
to bid (to offer)bid(s)bidbidbidding
to bid (to command)bid(s)badebiddenbidding
to bindbind(s)boundboundbinding
to bitebite(s)bitbitten or bitbiting
to blowblow(s)blewblownblowing
to breakbreak(s)brokebrokenbreaking
to bringbring(s)broughtbroughtbringing
to buildbuild(s)builtbuiltbuilding
to burstburst(s)burst or burstedburst or burstedbursting
to buybuy(s)boughtboughtbuying
to castcast(s)castcastcasting
to catchcatch(es)caughtcaughtcatching
to choosechoose(s)chosechosenchoosing
to clingcling(s)clungclungclinging
to comecome(s)camecomecoming
to costcost(s)costcostcosting
to creepcreep(s)creptcreptcreeping
to cutcut(s)cutcutcutting
to dealdeal(s)dealtdealtdealing
to digdig(s)dugdugdigging
to divedive(s)dived or dovediveddiving
to dodo(es)diddonedoing
to drawdraw(s)drewdrawndrawing
to dreamdream(s)dreamed or dreamtdreamed or dreamtdreaming
to drinkdrink(s)drankdrunk or drankdrinking
to drivedrive(s)drovedrivendriving
to eateat(s)ateeateneating
to fallfall(s)fellfallenfalling
to feedfeed(s)fedfedfeeding
to feelfeel(s)feltfeltfeeling
to fightfight(s)foughtfoughtfighting
to findfind(s)foundfoundfinding
to fleeflee(s)fledfledfleeing
to flingfling(s)flungflungflinging
to flyflies, flyflewflownflying
to forbidforbid(s)forbade or forbadforbiddenforbidding
to forgetforget(s)forgotforgotten or forgotforgetting
to forgiveforgive(s)forgaveforgivenforgiving
to forsakeforsake(s)forsookforsakenforsaking
to freezefreeze(s)frozefrozenfreezing
to getget(s)gotgotten or gotgetting
to givegive(s)gavegivengiving
to gogo(es)wentgonegoing
to growgrow(s)grewgrowngrowing
to cave (to suspend)hang(s)hunghunghanging
to havehas, havehadhadhaving
to hearhear(s)heardheardhearing
to hidehide(s)hidhidden or hidhiding
to hithit(s)hithithitting
to hurthurt(s)hurthurthurting
to keepkeep(s)keptkeptkeeping
to knowknow(s)knewknownknowing
to laylay(s)laidlaidlaying
to leadlead(s)ledledleading
to leapleap(s)leaped or leaptleaped or leaptleaping
to leaveleave(s)leftleftleaving
to lendlend(s)lentlentlending
to letlet(s)letletletting
to lie (to rest or recline)lie(s)laylainlying
to lightlight(s)lighted or litlighted or litlighting
to loselose(s)lostlostlosing
to makemake(s)mademademaking
to meanmean(s)meantmeantmeaning
to paypay(s)paidpaidpaying
to proveprove(s)provedproved or provenproving
to quitquit(s)quitquitquitting
to readread(s)readreadreading
to ridrid(s)ridridridding
to rideride(s)roderiddenriding
to ringring(s)rangrungringing
to riserise(s)roserisenrising
to runrun(s)ranrunrunning
to saysay(s)saidsaidsaying
to seesee(s)sawseenseeing
to seekseek(s)soughtsoughtseeking
to sendsend(s)sentsentsending
to setset(s)setsetsetting
to shakeshake(s)shookshakenshaking
to bright (to glow)shine(s)shoneshoneshining
to shootshoot(s)shotshotshooting
to showshow(s)showedshown or showedshowing
to shrinkshrink(s)shrank or shrunkshrunk or shrunkenshrinking
to singsing(s)sang or sungsungsinging
to sinksink(s)sank or sunksunksinking
to sitsit(s)satsatsitting
to slayslay(s)slew or slayedslainslaying
to sleepsleep(s)sleptsleptsleeping
to slingsling(s)slungslungslinging
to sneaksneak(s)sneaked or snucksneaked or snucksneaking
to speakspeak(s)spokespokenspeaking
to spendspend(s)spentspentspending
to spinspin(s)spunspunspinning
to springspring(s)sprang or sprungsprungspringing
to standstand(s)stoodstoodstanding
to stealsteal(s)stolestolenstealing
to stickstick(s)stuckstucksticking
to stingsting(s)stungstungstinging
to stinkstink(s)stank or stunkstunkstinking
to stridestride(s)strodestriddenstriding
to strikestrike(s)struckstruckstriking
to strivestrive(s)strovestrivenstriving
to swearswear(s)sworeswornswearing
to sweepsweep(s)sweptsweptsweeping
to swimswim(s)swamswumswimming
to swingswing(s)swungswungswinging
to taketake(s)tooktakentaking
to teachteach(es)taughttaughtteaching
to teartear(s)toretorntearing
to telltell(s)toldtoldtelling
to thinkthink(s)thoughtthoughtthinking
to throwthrow(s)threwthrownthrowing
to understandunderstand(s)understoodunderstoodunderstanding
to wakewake(s)woke or wakedwaked or wokenwaking
to wearwear(s)worewornwearing
to weaveweave(s)wove or weavedwoven or woveweaving
to weepweep(s)weptweptweeping
to winwin(s)wonwonwinning
to wringwring(s)wrungwrungwringing
to writewrite(s)wrotewrittenwriting

Know the difference in between the straightforward past tense and also the past participle.

In enhancement to discovering the graph above, girlfriend must additionally understand the difference in between the an easy past tense and the past participle.

Simple previous Tense

A simple past it s too dirty verb always has just one part. You require no auxiliary verb to kind this tense.

Read these examples:

Because dinner time was near, my dog Oreobit the spine the Moby-Dick and pulled the novel off my lap.

Since Denise had actually ignored bills because that so long, shewrote checks because that an hour straight.

Despite the noise, jolts, and also jerks, Alexslept therefore soundly top top the city bus the he to let go his stop.

Past Participle

The previous participle, ~ above the other hand, follows one or moreauxiliary verbs.

Read these sentences:

Raymond had bitten into the muffin prior to Charise stated that it was her well known chocolate-broccoli variety.

Had = auxiliary verb;bitten = previous participle.

Once Woody has written his essay for Professor Stover, he plans come reward himself with a hot fudge sundae.

Has = assistant verb;written = previous participle.

Cynthia can have slept better if she had avoided The Nightmare on Elm Street marathon.

Might,have = auxiliary verbs;slept = previous participle.

Where the man Lies

For continual verbs, knowing the difference between the an easy past and also past jet is unnecessary because both are identical, reliably ending in ed.

Consider these 2 sentences:

Diane giggled together her beagle Reliable thrust his cold, wet nose into her stomach, searching for cookie crumbs.

Giggled = straightforward past.

Until the disapproving Daniela elbowed Latoya in the ribs, the young woman had actually giggled without avoid at the toilet paper streamer attached come Professor Clemens's shoe.

Had = assistant verb;giggled = past participle.

When you select an irregular verb for a sentence, however, the an easy past and past participle are often different, so girlfriend must recognize the distinction.

Here space two examples:

Essie drove therefore cautiously that web traffic piled increase behind her, leading to angry chauffeurs to honk your horns and also shout obscenities.

Drove = simple past.

Essie can havedrove driven quicker if she had remembered she glasses and also saw much more than large colored blurs with the windshield.

Might,have = auxiliary verbs;driven = past participle.

Past Participles as Adjectives

In addition, previous participles role asadjectives, describing other words. When you use a previous participle in this manner, friend must choose the exactly form.

Read these sentences:

The calculus exams gavegiven through Professor Ribley are so an overwhelming that his students believe their brains will certainly burst.

The leg of the relay raceswam swum by Delores put the team ahead.

The solo sangsung through Bianca uplifted everyone spirit.

See more: How To Convert 63 Cm To Inches In 63 Cm? 63 Cm To In 63 Centimeters To Inches

Remember that you can alwaysconsultadictionary when you have a question around the correct form of an irregular verb.

\"*\"
Printer Fabulous!

Home •Terms • exercises • Handouts • rules • PowerPoint •Canvas •Twitter •YouTube •Shop •About Robin