In most English sentences with an action verb,the subject performs the action denoted by the verb.
You are watching: Which sentence contains a verb in the passive voice
These examples show that the subject is doingthe verb”s action.
Because the subject does or “acts upon”the verb in such sentences, the sentences are said to be in the active voice.
One can change the normal word order of manyactive sentences (those with a direct object) so that the subject is no longer active,but is, instead, being acted upon by the verb – or passive.
Note in these examples how the subject-verbrelationship has changed.
Because the subject is being “actedupon” (or is passive), such sentences are said to be in the passivevoice.
NOTE: Colorful parrots live in therainforests cannot be changed to passive voice because the sentence does nothave a direct object.
To change a sentence from active to passive voice,do the following:
1. Move the active sentence”sdirect object into the sentence”s subject slot
2. Place the active sentence”s subject intoa phrase beginning with the preposition by
3. Add a form of the auxiliary verb beto the main verb and change the main verb”s form
Because passive voice sentences necessarily addwords and change the normal doer-action-receiver of action direction, they may make thereader work harder to understand the intended meaning.
As the examples below illustrate, a sentencein active voice flows more smoothly and is easier to understand thanthe same sentence in passive voice.
It is generally preferable to use the ACTIVEvoice.
To change a passive voice sentence into an activevoice sentence, simply reverse the steps shown above.
1. Move the passive sentence”ssubject into the active sentence”s direct object slot
2. Remove the auxiliary verb be from the main verb and change main verb”s form if needed
3. Place the passive sentence”s object of the preposition by into the subject slot.
Because it is more direct, most writers prefer touse the active voice whenever possible.
The passive voice may be a better choice,however, when
the doer of the action is unknown, unwanted, or unneeded in the sentence
the writer wishes to emphasize theaction of the sentence rather than the doer of the action