A self-described "holy man," he claimed to have magical healing powers. Czarina Alexandra, allowed him to make key political decisions.

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local councils consisting of workers, peasants, and soldiers and in many cities, the soviets had more influence than the provisional government.
is a political and economic system of organization. In theory, property is owned by the community and all citizens share in the common wealth according to their need.
was cold, hard, and impersonal. During his early days as a Bolshevik, he changed his name to Stalin, which means "man of steel" in Russian. By 1928, Stalin was in total command of the Communist Party.
What series of crises between 1904 and 1917 did Russia faced that showed the czar"s weakness and paved the way for revolution?
Russia broke an agreement with Japan. Japan retaliated by attacking the Russians at Port Arthur, Manchuria, in February 1904. News of repeated Russian losses sparked unrest at home and led to a revolt in the midst of the war. Bloody Sunday: The Revolution of 1905 where protesters over better working conditions were killed by the Czar"s military. In 1914, Nicholas II made the fateful decision to drag Russia into World War I. Russia was unprepared to handle the military and economic costs. Its weak generals and poorly equipped troops were no match for the German army. As in the Russo-Japanese War Russia"s involvement in World War I revealed the weaknesses of czarist rule and military leadership.
To finance the buildup of Russian industries, the government sought foreign investors and raised taxes. These steps boosted the growth of heavy industry, particularly steel. By around 1900, Russia had become the world"s fourth-ranking producer of steel. Only the United States, Germany, and Great Britain produced more steel. With the help of British and French investors, work began on the world"s longest continuous rail line—the Trans-Siberian Railway. Begun in 1891, the railway was not completed until 1916. It connected European Russia in the west with Russian ports on the Pacific Ocean in the east.
Russia saw then need to industrialize after WWI. The growth of factories brought new problems, such as grueling working conditions, miserably low wages, and child labor. The government outlawed trade unions. To try to improve their lives, workers unhappy with their low standard of living and lack of political power organized strikes. As a result of all of these factors, several revolutionary movements began to grow and compete for power.
The more moderate Mensheviks wanted a broad base of popular support for the revolution. The more radical Bolsheviks) supported a small number of committed revolutionaries willing to sacrifice everything for change.
The Bolsheviks working class (socialists) were the red army headed by Lenin. The White Army consisted of fractions of groups with different beliefs: some supported the return to rule by the czar others who wanted democratic government, and even a group of socialists who opposed Lenin"s style of socialism.
The destruction and loss of life from fighting hunger, and a worldwide flu epidemic left Russia in chaos.

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The Bolsheviks renamed their party the Communist Party. The name came from the writings of Karl Marx. He used the word communism to describe the classless society that would exist after workers had seized power.
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